Nettle Leaves Acid, Scientific Name, Uses and Other Facts

Here is the base answer on question "name the acid present in the stinging hair of nettle leaves" the answer to which is Formic Acid.

Nettle stings mainly and in general contain acid (formic acid) but they also contain contents like histamine and other base chemicals. The exact details are still not properly known but it is the presence of the histamine that causes the basic initial reaction when you are stung.

All About Nettle Leaf

Nettle Leaf Facts
Nettle Leaf

Why do Nettle sting, Nettle Leaf Scientific Name, Nettle Leaf Hindi Name, Nettle Leaf Benefits and nutritional facts answered here.

Stinging nettles have naturally modified and developed stinging cells as an adaptation to stop the base line class of herbivores from eating them. The plants contain very basic and long, thin, hollow hairs that cover the overall majority of their base stem and the underside of the outer and inner leaves.

Scientific Name of Nettle Leaf

The base scientific name of nettle leaf is Urtica dioica and it comes from the Latin word uro, which basically means “to burn,” because its leaves can cause a a very hard but temporary burning sensation upon contact. The leaves actually do have hair-like structures that actually sting and also produce grave itching, redness and swelling   

The main answer to the question name the acid present in the stinging hair of nettle leaves is formic acid but remember the fact that they also contain histamine and other chemicals. The exact details are still unknown but it is the histamine that causes the initial reaction when you are stung.

Nutrition in stinging nettle 

Vitamins: Vitamins A, C and K, as well as several B vitamins

Minerals: Calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and sodium

Fats: Linoleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and oleic acid

Amino acids: All of the essential amino acids

Polyphenols: Kaempferol, quercetin, caffeic acid, coumarins and other flavonoids

Pigments: Beta-carotene, lutein, luteoxanthin and other carotenoids

Vitamins: Vitamins A, C and K, as well as several B vitamins

Minerals: Calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and sodium

  1. The above nutrients act as antioxidants so now you are getting more info than the name the acid present in the stinging hair of nettle leaves.
  2. Stinging Nettle Reduces Inflammation, the overall base stinging nettle reduces inflammation which is believed but is yet to be proven.
  3. Stinging Nettle is said to reduce the overall high blood pressure.

Hindi name of Nettle Leaf

The hindi name of Nettle Leaf is बिछुआ पत्ती bichhua pattee.

Scientific Classification of Nettle Leaf 

Urtica dioica, often referred to as the common orchard, stinging nettle although not all plants of this predatory animal) or the orchard, or just the acacia or stinging nettle, is a flowering plant that lives in the Urticaceae family. Originally native to Europe, much of Asia east and west North Africa, is now found all over the world, including New Zealand and North America.

The genus is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many expensive hair follicles called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act as hypodermic needles, injecting histamine and other chemicals that produce a painful sensation on contact ("contact urticaria", contact form with dermatitis).

This plant has a long history of use as a source of traditional medicine, food, tea, and raw textiles in ancient societies such as the Saxons.


















U. dioica

Nettle Leaves Uses in Gardening

Nettle leafs have a number of uses in the vegetable garden, including the ability to encourage beneficial insects. Since aphids prefer to grow in soils rich in phosphorus and recently degraded nitrogen (and therefore inspired by the wind), oyster growth is an indication that the area has high fertility (especially phosphate and nitrate), so it is a sign to farmers about soil quality.

Earthworms contain nitrogenous chemicals, so they are used as compost activator or can be used to make liquid manure, which, although low in phosphate, is useful in providing magnesium, sulfur, and iron. And they are one of the few plants that can tolerate, and thrive, in soil rich in chicken manure.

The stinging nettle is a key plant for the Red Admiral caterpillar and can attract red butterflies that migrate to the garden. U. dioica can be a troublesome weed, and pruning can increase plant density. Regular and persistent farming will significantly reduce its numbers, and the use of herbicides such as 2,4-D and glyphosate are effective control measures.

Growing, Sowing and planting Nettle Leaves

Three methods of planting can be used for cutting edge: 

1) direct sowing, 2) nursery growing seedlings for subsequent transplanting and 3) scattering of vegetables with strollers or cutting of the head.

Direct sowing: The seed bed should have a loose and good structure, but should be reassembled using a packer roller immediately before sowing. The time of sowing can be autumn or spring. Seeds should be 6 kg / ha with row spacing of 30 cm (12 in) and 42-50 cm in autumn and spring, respectively.

The disadvantages of direct planting are that it often leads to incomplete cropping. This regression can be reduced by covering the seed bed with a transparent layer to improve seed germination. In addition, weed control can be problematic as the stinging nettle has a period of slow seedling growth.

Growing seedlings: In this process the seeds sown before sowing are sown between / / late February and early April and raised in kindergartens. Seedlings are planted in tuffs with 3-5 plants / tuff and seed yield of 1.2-1.6 kg / 1000 tuffs. Bond germination is achieved by changing the maximum temperature during the day (30 ° C for 8 h) and the lowest temperature at night (20 ° C for 16 h)

 Prior to transplanting, seedlings should be fertilized and subjected to cold temperatures. Planting should start in mid-April with 42-50 cm (17-20 in) row spaces and plant spaces within 25-30 cm rows.
Vegetable Distribution: Stoves (with several sprays) of 10 cm should be planted from mid-April to a depth of 5–7 cm (2.0-2.8 in).

Beheadings are planted in childcare centers starting between May and mid-June. Growing tips with two leafy leaves are cut from the mother plant and treated with root growth hormone. Transplantation can be delayed compared to the process of seedling growth.

So other then answering "name the acid present in the stinging hair of nettle leaves" we have also tried to cover the very base info on nettle stinging and nettle leaves that will improve your base knowledge.

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